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What is a Fire Risk Assessment?

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A fire risk assessment is a systematized look at what in the work operations and business could create harm to people from fire. It will help control the chances of fires occurring and the hazards of fire that the organizations pose for the people who use them.

A fire risk assessment is an evaluation of a building to examine the fire risks. Controlling fire risks is an essential part of managing a building from any fire hazards. 

The purpose of first risk assessments within the work premises is to make sure whether or not the existing fire precautions are adequate and reasonable to the overall risks presented or can reduce the risks of fires. 

This post will explain what a fire risk assessment is, why it is needed, and how to conduct it.

What Does Fire Risk Assessment Cover?

Fire risk assessments look at the building’s general fire precautions within the work premises. These include measures to:

  • Minimize the fire risks with proper signposts like ‘no smoking’ or with regular fire safety checks 
  • Minimize the risks of the spread of fires such as fire doors
  • Inform people about the fires in the work premises with the help of fire alarms
  • Help individuals escape from the buildings with clear escape routes
  • Make an effective emergency plan 
  • Minimize the harm with fire extinguishers

Why is a Fire Risk Assessment Needed?

A fire risk assessment is a legal requirement. Being an employer, it is your legal duty under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Order) 2005 to prevent your workplace and employees from any kind of fire risks and hazards. 

Employers must ensure that they have suitably competent persons within their workplace to undertake fire risk assessments to identify, control, and mitigate fire risks and hazards and prevent the safety and health of their staff.  

How to Conduct a Fire Risk Assessment?

The process of conducting fire risk assessment consists of the following 5 steps:

  • Identify the Fire Hazards Within the Premises

The first step of the fire risk assessment process is to identify:

  • The sources of ignition resulted in due flames or commercial processes
  • The sources of fuel result in waste products, display materials, etc.
  • The sources of oxygen such as air conditioning systems or commercial oxygen supplies

Employers must also consider structural features as well like dust and fuel and carefully examine what can cause a fire to happen within their work environment. 

  • Identify the People at Risk

After identifying the sources of fire, it is important to identify the people who are at risk of getting harmed or injured as a result of fire incidents. 

Individuals at risk are:

  • Those present in large numbers
  • Those who are not aware of the plan 
  • Those coming into contact with fire risk 
  • Workers working in places where a fire could occur easily 
  • Lone workers or people working in isolated areas 

Employers and online business owners must take into account and identify anyone who might be at risk.

  • Evaluate and decide on the Existing Fire Safety Arrangements Improvement

The third step is closely focused on evaluating and determining the risk of fire hazards and taking necessary actions to mitigate them in the workplace.

Employers must:

  • Control the risk of a fire to happen
  • Determine the potential consequences if a fire could occur
  • Determine the risk rating

This will help employers assess the hazards of fire and implement vital control measures to eradicate the issue from their work premises.

  • Record the Findings, Produce the Emergency Plan & Train the Employees

In this step, employers must record, plan, and train their employees adequately to minimize the risk as much as they can. They must record the fire hazards identified in the first and second steps of the risk assessment process. After that they must also record the actions, they have implemented against fire protection as the third step of the process.

Along with this, they must educate their workforce with proper guidance and fire risk assessment training to make sure their skills are top-notch to protect themselves and others against fire hazards.

  • Regular Review of the Risk Assessment

The last step of the process is to regularly review the risk assessment conduct for the workplace, business, or organization to determine and evaluate, if it is effective to control fire hazards or if the process needs to be updated or changed.


This blog post is a thorough explanation of what a fire risk assessment is and why it is essential within work premises. Fire hazards can cause loss of lives and properties if not controlled on time. It can also place severe implications on businesses in terms of legal and moral claims, as well as heavy fines.

Therefore, employers of the staff need to make sure that they have adequate fire prevention measures in place to protect the well-being of their employees and maintain a good business reputation.

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